Evolving Ethical Issues with Advances in Uterus Transplantation.
Farrell, R. M., L. Johannesson, R. Flyckt, E. G. Richards, G. Testa, A. Tzakis and T. Falcone (2020). “Evolving Ethical Issues with Advances in Uterus Transplantation.” Am J Obstet Gynecol Jan 22. [Epub ahead of print].
While uterus transplantation was once considered only a theoretical possibility for patients with uterine factor infertility, researchers have now developed methods of transplantation that have led to successful pregnancies with multiple children born to date. Because of the unique and significant nature of this type of research, it has been undertaken with collaboration not only with scientists and physicians but also with bioethicists, who paved the initial path for research of uterus transplantation to take place. As the science of uterus transplantation continues to advance, so too must the public dialogue among obstetrician/gynecologists, transplant surgeons, bioethicists, and other key stakeholders in defining the continued direction of research in addition to planning for the clinical implementation of uterus transplantation as a therapeutic option. Given the rapid advances in this field, the time has come to revisit the fundamental questions raised at the inception of uterus transplantation and, looking forward, determine the future of this approach given emerging data on the procedure’s impact on individuals, families, and society.