The healthcare burden of disease progression in medicare patients with functional mitral regurgitation.
Peter McCullough M.D.
McCullough, P. A., H. S. Mehta, D. P. Cork, C. M. Barker, C. Gunnarsson, S. Mollenkopf, J. Van Houten and P. Verta (2019). “The healthcare burden of disease progression in medicare patients with functional mitral regurgitation.” Journal of Medical Economics 22(9): 909-916.
Objective: This retrospective database analysis estimated the incremental effect that disease progression from non-clinically significant functional mitral regurgitation (nsFMR) to clinically significant FMR (sFMR) has on clinical outcomes and costs. Methods: Medicare Fee for Service beneficiaries with nsFMR were examined, defined as those with a heart failure diagnosis prior to MR. Patients were classified as ischemic if there was a history of: CAD, AMI, PCI, or CABG. The primary outcome was time to sFMR, defined as pulmonary hypertension, atrial fibrillation, mitral valve surgery, serial echocardiography, or death, using a Cox hazard regression model. Annualized hospitalizations, inpatient hospital days, and healthcare expenditures were also modeled. Results: Patients with IHD had higher risk (Hazard Ratio = 1.22 [1.14-1.30]) for disease progression compared to patients without. The progression cohort had significantly more annual inpatient hospitalizations (non-IHD = 1.32; IHD = 1.40) than the non-progression cohort (non-IHD = 0.36; IHD = 0.34), and significantly more annual inpatient hospital days (non-IHD = 13.07; IHD = 13.52) than the non-progression cohort (non-IHD = 2.29; with IHD = 2.08). The progression cohort had over 3.5-times higher costs vs the non-progression cohort, independent of IHD (non-IHD = $12,798 vs $46,784; IHD = $12,582 vs $49,348). Conclusion: Treating FMR patients earlier in their clinical trajectory may prevent disease progression and reduce high rates of healthcare utilization and expenditures.