Research Spotlight

Posted January 14th 2016

Perioperative Outcomes, Transfusion Requirements, and Inflammatory Response After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting With Off-Pump, Mini-Extracorporeal, and On-Pump Circulation Techniques.

William Brinkman M.D.
William Brinkman, M.D.

Brinkman, W. T., J. J. Squiers, G. Filardo, M. Arsalan, R. L. Smith, D. Moore, M. J. Mack and J. M. DiMaio (2015). “Perioperative Outcomes, Transfusion Requirements, and Inflammatory Response After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting With Off-Pump, Mini-Extracorporeal,and On-Pump Circulation Techniques.” Journal of Investigative Medicine 63(8): 916-920.

Full text of this article.

Objectives Mini-extracorporeal circulation (MECC) units were developed to reduce postoperative morbidity, transfusion requirements, and inflammation associated with conventional on-pump coronary artery bypass (ONCAB) surgery without the technical demands of the off-pump (OPCAB) technique. We compared perioperative outcomes and inflammatory mediation among OPCAB, MECC, and ONCAB techniques. Methods We prospectively enrolled 102 patients undergoing elective isolated coronary bypass grafting. Perfusion methods were OPCAB (n = 34), MECC (n = 34), and ONCAB (n = 34). Serial blood samples were collected to measure serum inflammatory markers. Results There were no operative deaths or strokes. Total red blood cell (RBC) products used in OPCAB, MECC, and ONCAB patients were 0.676, 1.000, and 1.235 units, respectively. Adjusted (by splined Society of Thoracic Surgeons operative risk score) analysis showed no statistically significant differences in mean RBC product use among the different operative systems (OPCAB vs MECC, P = 0.580; OPCAB vs ONCAB, P = 0.311; MECC vs ONCAB, P = 0.633). Adjusted (by Society of Thoracic Surgeons risk score and baseline level) mean plasma level differences (24 hours postoperative – baseline) of C-reactive protein for OPCAB (117.89; 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 106.23-129.54) and for MECC (124.88; 95% CI, 113.45-136.32) were significantly higher than for ONCAB (98.82; 95% CI, 86.40-111.24). No significant adjusted differences (P = 0.304) in interleukin-6 level changes were observed. Conclusions Off-pump coronary artery bypass and MECC did not significantly reduce mean total RBC transfusion requirements. Off-pump coronary artery bypass and MECC were associated with greater C-reactive protein elevation than ONCAB, suggestive of an increased inflammatory response to each of these techniques.


Posted January 12th 2016

Inferior vena cava reconstruction for leiomyosarcoma of zone I-III requiring complete hepatectomy and bilateral nephrectomy with autotransplantation.

Giuliano Testa M.D.
Giuliano Testa, M.D.

Fernandez, H. T., P. T. Kim, T. L. Anthony, B. L. Hamman, R. M. Goldstein and G. Testa (2015). “Inferior vena cava reconstruction for leiomyosarcoma of zone I-III requiring complete hepatectomy and bilateral nephrectomy with autotransplantation.” Journal of Surgical Oncology 112(5): 481-485.E

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The inferior vena cava (IVC) is the most common site of leiomyosarcomas arising from a vascular origin. Leiomyosarcomas of the IVC are categorized by anatomical location. Zone I refers to the infrarenal portion of the IVC, Zone II from the hepatic veins to the renal veins, and Zone III from the right atrium to the hepatic veins. This is a rare presentation of a Zone I-III leiomyosarcoma. Fifty-two-years-old female with a medical history significant only for HTN was admitted to the hospital with bilateral lower extremity edema and dyspnea. Two-dimensional echo demonstrated a right atrial thrombus, extending into the IVC. On subsequent CT and MRI, a 15 cm mass was noted that began in the right atrium and extended into the IVC, with continuation below the renal veins to above the level of the confluence of the common iliac veins. The patient underwent a complete resection of the mass, replacement of the IVC with Dacron graft, total hepatectomy and bilateral nephrectomy, with liver and kidney autotransplantation. Pathology was consistent with a high grade spindle cell sarcoma of vena cava origin. Patient was readmitted approximately 4 weeks postoperatively to begin adjuvant chemotherapy. This case represents a zone I-III IVC leiomyosarcoma treated with surgical R0 resection. This included a hepatectomy, bilateral nephrectomy, and hepatic and left renal autotransplantation. These complex tumors should be treated with surgical resection, and require a multidisciplinary approach.