A phase 1 clinical trial of ASG-5ME, a novel drug-antibody conjugate targeting SLC44A4, in patients with advanced pancreatic and gastric cancers.
Carlos Becerra, M.D.
Coveler, A. L., A. H. Ko, D. V. Catenacci, D. Von Hoff, C. Becerra, N. C. Whiting, J. Yang and B. Wolpin (2016). “A phase 1 clinical trial of ASG-5ME, a novel drug-antibody conjugate targeting SLC44A4, in patients with advanced pancreatic and gastric cancers.” Invest New Drugs Mar 18. [Epub ahead of print]
Purpose ASG-5ME is an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) targeting SLC44A4, a novel cell surface target expressed on most pancreatic and gastric cancers. This first-in-human study of ASG-5ME evaluated safety, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary activity of ASG-5ME in advanced pancreatic and gastric cancer patients. Experimental Design This phase 1, dose-escalation, multicenter study determined the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and assessed safety and antitumor activity. The dose-escalation portion enrolled metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma patients; gastric adenocarcinoma patients were included in the dose-expansion portion. Patients received ASG-5ME intravenously on Days 1, 8, and 15 of 28-day cycles. Results Thirty-five pancreatic cancer patients (median age 63 years; performance status 0 [40 %] or 1 [60 %]) were treated at doses of 0.3 to 1.5 mg/kg (median duration 8.1 weeks). The MTD was exceeded at 1.5 mg/kg (n = 7) with 1 dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) of Grade 4 gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Four patients experienced non-DLT Grade 3 or 4 neutropenia. Fifteen gastric cancer patients (median age 59 years; performance status 0 [33 %] or 1 [67 %]) were treated at the identified MTD of 1.2 mg/kg (median duration 8.7 weeks). Common drug-related adverse events included fatigue (29 %), nausea (23 %), and vomiting (23 %) for pancreatic cancer patients and fatigue (33 %) and decreased appetite (33 %) for gastric cancer patients. Best clinical response was 1 partial response in each cohort. Disease-control rates of 33 % (pancreatic) and 47 % (gastric) were observed at the MTD. All patient biopsies (23 pancreatic, 15 gastric) expressed the SLC44A4 antigen. Conclusions ASG-5ME treatment was generally well tolerated with limited evidence of antitumor activity.