Model for End-stage Liver Disease-Lactate and Prediction of Inpatient Mortality in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease.
Sarmast, N., G. O. Ogola, M. Kouznetsova, M. Leise, R. Bahirwani, R. Maiwall, E. Tapper, J. Trotter, J. Bajaj, L. R. Thacker, P. Tandon, F. Wong, R. Reddy, J. G. O’Leary, A. Masica, A. M. Modrykamien, P. S. Kamath and S. K. Asrani (2020). “Model for End-stage Liver Disease-Lactate and Prediction of Inpatient Mortality in Patients with Chronic Liver Disease.” Hepatology Feb 21. [Epub ahead of print].
BACKGROUND & AIMS: As compared to other chronic diseases, patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) have significantly higher inpatient mortality; accurate models to predict inpatient mortality are lacking. Serum lactate (LA) may be elevated in patients with CLD due to both tissue hypoperfusion as well as decreased lactate clearance. We hypothesized that a parsimonious model consisting of Model for End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) and LA at admission may predict inpatient mortality in patients with CLD. APPROACH & RESULTS: We examined all CLD patients in two large and diverse healthcare systems in Texas (North Texas, NTX and Central Texas, CTX) between 2010-2015. We developed (n=3,588) and validated (n=1,804) a model containing MELD and LA measured at time of hospitalization. We further validated the model in a second cohort of 14 tertiary care hepatology centers that prospectively enrolled non-elective hospitalized patients with cirrhosis (n=726). MELD-LA was an excellent predictor of inpatient mortality in development (c-statistic =0.81, 95% CI 0.79-0.82) and both validation cohorts (CTX cohort, c=0.85, 95% CI 0.78-0.87; multicenter cohort c=0.82, 95% CI 0.74-0.88). MELD-LA performed especially well in patients with specific cirrhosis diagnoses (c=0.84, 95% CI 0.81-0.86) or sepsis (c=0.80, 95% CI 0.78-0.82). For MELD score 25, inpatient mortality was 11.2% (LA=1 mmol/L), 19.4% (LA=3 mmol/L), 34.3% (LA=5 mmol/L) and >50% (LA >8 mmol/L). A linear increase (p<0.01) was seen in MELD-LA and increasing number of organ failures. Overall, use of MELD-LA improved the risk prediction in 23.5% of the patients as compared to MELD model alone. CONCLUSION: MELD-LA is an early and objective predictor of inpatient mortality and may serve as a novel model for risk assessment and guide therapeutic options.